Developing circular economy and advocating green p

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Developing circular economy and advocating green packaging Abstract: This paper analyzes the current development situation and existing problems of the paper packaging industry from the aspects of resources, environmental protection and industrial technology level, and focuses on the ideas and practices of Shengda Group on developing circular economy and advocating green packaging. Shengda Group mainly extends the industrial chain upward, realizes industrial integration, vigorously implements circular economy in the production process, promotes the healthy development of the industry, and continues to develop towards low energy consumption and high quality in technology research and development, so as to finally realize circular economy and green packaging

key words: circular economy green packaging

I. Development Overview and problems of the paper packaging industry

due to its good environmental protection performance, paper packaging is widely used in food, chemical industry, medicine, building materials, household appliances and other industries. It is an industry with the largest output proportion in China's packaging industry, a great industry, and a sunrise industry. After more than 20 years of reform and opening up, China's paper packaging industry has developed rapidly through unremitting technological progress. Paper packaging products account for nearly 30% of the total output value of the entire packaging industry, and have become the largest major packaging industry. The consumption of packaging paper and paperboard in China accounts for more than 50% of the total products of the paper industry. China's paper consumption accounts for 14% of the global total, ranking second only to the United States in the world. Although China's paper packaging industry has developed rapidly in recent years and has a huge market space, compared with foreign developed countries, China's paper packaging industry still has a certain gap in resources, environmental protection and technical level

1. Resource problems

for a long time, the development of wood pulp in China has been slow. At the same time, the development of forestry and paper industry are divorced from each other, and the paper industry lacks strong forestry support. From the perspective of market space, China still has a lot of room for development in the demand for paper products. The annual per capita consumption of household paper in the world is 52 kg, while China currently has only 29 kg, which has not yet reached the world average level, only 1/10 of that of the United States. If China's per capita consumption reaches the world average, its total consumption will increase by another 30million tons. Such a huge market potential is unmatched by any other country. According to the demand analysis of non household paper and paperboard by relevant departments such as, publishing, printing and packaging, the total consumption of paper and paperboard will reach 50million tons by 2005, an annual increase of 6.8% over 2000, and the per capita consumption will reach 38 kg. Such a rapid growth rate must be based on good resources, but at present, China's forest resources are seriously lacking. At the same time, the natural forest protection project has been launched, and the domestic wood pulp supply has been reduced, which has been unable to meet the rapid growth of paper products. At present, more than 90% of domestic paper-making enterprises rely on imported OCC and waste paper. In 2004, China imported 7.3179 million tons of pulp, an increase of 21.28% year-on-year; About 12million tons of waste paper were imported, with a year-on-year increase of 37.5%;. China imports wood pulp, paper, paperboard and waste paper with a remittance of about US $8billion every year. It can be seen that the shortage of resources in China has greatly affected the benefits of the paper products industry and limited the rapid development of enterprises to a certain extent

2. Environmental protection problems are prominent and capital investment is insufficient

in recent years, with the continuous development and progress of society, people pay more and more attention to environmental protection issues. Many enterprises are limited in the development process because of environmental protection issues, especially the upstream paper industry closely related to the paper packaging industry. The cost of pollution control in small-scale paper mills is very high. To solve the problem of wastewater pollution requires a lot of capital investment, often millions or even tens of millions of yuan, which brings great economic pressure to enterprises. Some enterprises have to stop production for environmental reasons. At the same time, the water pollution caused by paper-making enterprises has also brought great economic losses to the country and the government. The national investment in water pollution control is not a small number every year. The wastewater discharge of papermaking and paper products industry at and above the county level accounts for about 10.8% of the total national discharge, and the scalar discharge of wastewater accounts for only 14% of the papermaking wastewater discharge, second only to the chemical industry and metallurgical industry. Therefore, the development of the paper packaging industry has been greatly hampered by environmental protection issues. This problem requires not only the active participation of enterprises in the industry, but also the relevant national departments to increase management and investment

3. The overall technical level is low, and the investment in scientific research is not large, resulting in low-level vicious competition

at present, there are many papermaking and paper packaging enterprises, but the technical level is uneven. Small scale enterprises still account for a large proportion in the industry, and the overall technical level is low. There are about 6000 pulp, paper and paper products enterprises in the whole industry, but the proportion of small and medium-sized enterprises is relatively large, and the average monthly output value of the whole industry is less than 4million yuan. Most of China's paper-making enterprises mainly produce ordinary low-grade paper, the production capacity of medium and high-grade paper is seriously insufficient, and special paper and art paper mainly rely on imports. Generally, small-scale enterprises have obsolete equipment, low technical level and low energy consumption. The comprehensive energy consumption of domestic enterprises per ton of paper and paperboard is twice the world average level. The technical level of industrial workers in the paper products industry also needs to be further improved. The production equipment currently used by many small enterprises are old equipment eliminated by some large and medium-sized enterprises. Some production equipment of the 1970s is still visible in some small enterprises, and they are also at a very low level in production technology and environmental protection technology. Some small paper packaging enterprises use small low-speed production equipment, lack core technology, and lack scientific research investment. Many enterprises are in a low-level competition, only competing with their competitors in price, without seeking product quality and product grade, Cause low-level vicious competition. In participating in the international market competition, the competitiveness of such enterprises is very low, which is also very detrimental to the improvement of the technical level of the whole industry. In short, the core competitiveness of the papermaking and paper packaging industry in China is poor due to equipment, the technical level of industrial workers, R & D investment and other reasons

to sum up, after decades of rapid development, China's paper packaging industry is now at a crossroads. How to make the paper packaging industry achieve sustained, healthy and rapid development is a problem worthy of everyone in the industry to think about. Shengda Group has accumulated rich experience in the business process of more than 20 years and deeply realized that developing circular economy and advocating green packaging are the best way out for the development of paper packaging industry. In this regard, Shengda Group also has its own ideas and practices

II. Overview of Shengda Group

Shengda Group is headquartered in Xiaoshan Economic and Technological Development Zone, a national economic and Technological Development Zone. It is a modern large-scale enterprise group that mainly produces and operates paper packaging, pulp paper, textile and real estate development. At present, the group has three paper packaging production bases in Xiaoshan and Suzhou, a household paper and pulp paper production base in Sheyang, Jiangsu, and a textile production base in Xiaoshan, with more than 4000 employees. The group has passed ISO9001 quality system certification and ISO14001 environmental system certification. Its stable product quality is highly praised by customers. Due to its excellent technology and quality, it is equipped with many friction pairs. On October 15, 2000, it was approved by the China Packaging Federation to establish a national "China paper packaging development and production base". In November 2004, the export corrugated boxes produced were recognized as national inspection free products by the State Administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine, and household paper as national inspection free products. It is the largest paper packaging enterprise in China and one of the top 500 Chinese private enterprises. In 2004, Shengda Group achieved an industrial output value of 2.259 billion yuan, sales of 2.08 billion yuan, and profits and taxes of 130 million yuan

III. Shengda Group develops circular economy and advocates the idea of green packaging

circular economy is an economic growth model that takes the efficient utilization and recycling of resources as the core, takes "reduce, reuse and recycle" (3R) as the principle, and takes low consumption, low emission and high efficiency as the basic characteristics, which is in line with the concept of sustainable development. It is an economic growth model for mass production, mass consumption A large number of abandoned transmission cannot damage the fundamental reform of the unified growth model

1. Realize industrial integration through the upward extension of the paper packaging industry chain

paper packaging enterprises need to consume a lot of base paper, but also produce waste paper and leftover materials. Through the integration of paper packaging and papermaking, it can not only improve the common benefits of paper packaging enterprises and papermaking enterprises, but also create a good foundation for the realization of circular economy and green packaging. In 2004, in order to extend the industrial chain upward, our paper packaging industry acquired Shuangdeng Paper Co., Ltd. located in Yancheng, Jiangsu Province, and will take this opportunity to build a 600000 ton large-scale pulp and paper manufacturing base through technological transformation, and finally realize the integration of pulp and paper and paper packaging industry. Through industrial integration and optimization of industrial chain, we can not only change the original passive resources into active resources, but also improve the transmission speed of logistics and information flow and improve the efficiency of enterprise operation. More importantly, through the realization of industrial integration, we have laid a solid foundation for the development of circular economy and the overall planning of green packaging for our group. Shuangdeng company has 34000 mu of reed beach. Wetland is known as the kidney of the earth and is a precious resource under the key protection of the United Nations environmental protection organization. Reed is a perennial rhizomatous gramineous plant, which likes water and is a salt tolerant and alkali modified plant. It is called wetland forest and has important ecological and economic value. Every hectare of reed planting can absorb about 30 tons of carbon dioxide (equivalent to the emission of a heavy truck traveling 150000 kilometers) and release the corresponding oxygen. A hectare of reed can build an ecological house, which has a good protective effect on the beach wetlands, It is also a good raw material for papermaking. Through short growth cycle Shaanxi Huaze New Material Co., Ltd. is proposed to be jointly established by Shaanxi Huaze and Xingwang holdings for economical reed papermaking (tentatively named, it can reduce the damage to forest resources.

2. Vigorously develop the circular economy and promote the healthy and rapid development of the industry.

we will realize the circular economy through the large cycle from pulp and paper production to paper packaging products, and then reuse waste paper to pulp and paper production. In the process of pulp and paper production, the reed planting system and reed pulp of the core functional area, extended functional area, support functional area, virtual area and ecological restoration project Paper system, household paper system, wrapping paper system, white water treatment system, alkali recovery system, sewage treatment system, eco-tourism system, environmental protection industry system, papermaking machinery system, cogeneration system and other 12 systems. The core functional area is composed of reed planting system, reed pulp paper system, household paper system and wrapping paper system, which is the main part of the eco industrial park. The scale and production capacity of this complex system determine the corresponding scale of other functional areas of the eco industrial park; The expanded functional area is composed of eco-tourism system, environmental protection industry system and paper machinery system, which constitute an important node of the ecological industry chain. Using this rule can avoid unnecessary changes, which is of great significance to enhance the sustainable development ability of the park and enhance the technological content of the park; The supporting functional area is composed of sewage treatment system, alkali (lignin) recovery system, white water treatment system and some supporting systems and facilities. It is the core functional area and extended functional area

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